Know the Appropriate Vegetables for Zone 10

You are probably new in a Zone 10 area and what to know how and what you can grow in that garden of yours or exotic fruits and cool-season veggies are your fave or you have a new vegetable in mind to plant and are stuck on how to? Will this climate favor it? Or you have noticed labels indicating zone ranges when shopping for plants, that tell you where the plant will be hardy for more than just one growing season. Not to worry, this article will help you understand the climate and vegetables for zone 10.

In this article, we will talk about what and where zone 10 is as divided by the United States Department of Agriculture Plant Hardiness Zone Map, know the climatic characteristics and vegetables for zone 10

What and Where is Zone 10

Zone 10 represents mild climates identified with warm temperatures and high humidity. It is the second warmest of the 13 hardiness zones the U.S Department of Agriculture Plants Hardiness Zones divided the country into based on the average annual minimum temperature a particular or selected area is likely to experience during the year.

What and where is zone 10

A hardiness zone is a growing zone.

Zone 10 includes the southern part of Florida, Hawaii, parts of Louisiana and Texas, coastal areas of California, and the southern deserts.

 

Subsets of Zone 10

Like all zones, Zone 10 is divided into two zones, Zone 10a and Zone 10b. Zone 10a is marginally cooler than Zone 10b with a difference of about five degrees between the two.

Climatic characteristics of zone 10

During the quiescent season, Zone 10 has an annual minimum temperature ranging from 30 degrees Fahrenheit to 45 degrees Fahrenheit (zone 10a is 30-35 degrees Fahrenheit while zone 10b is 40-45 degrees Fahrenheit). These mild temperatures make this growing zone a perfect environment for planting heat-tolerant plants year-round.

Planting Schedule for Zone 10

Zone 10 gardeners can plant cool-season crops in late winter, and warm-season vegetables and herbs in late spring.

Zone 10 gardens most times require soil preparation because the soil does not contain sufficient organic materials. Since vegetables need regular watering, an irrigation system that is automated using a timer (drip irrigation with soaker hoses) is highly recommended. Read on to know herbs, plants, and vegetables you can grow for sustainable agriculture and gardening in zone 10.

Types of Vegetables for Zone 10

Peas (Pisum sativum)

peas vegetable in zone 10

Peas may also be referred to as Green pea, English pea, or Garden pea. It is a yellow or green-colored annual herbaceous plant belonging to a leguminous family Fabaceae along with beans and peanuts making it rich in protein and iron. It is an easy plant to grow and is best grown in zone 10 fall, winter, and early spring (November through February is highly recommended) in soil temperatures of between 8-24 degrees Celsius.

Kale or Borecole (Brassica oleracea)

Kale is a leafy herbaceous biennial or perennial plant belonging to the family Brassicaceae. Some varieties are grown for their horticultural and aesthetical properties. It is rich in minerals and vitamins. Although Kale can be grown in zone 10 year-round due to the favorable climatic condition, we highly recommend that you plant it earlier in the year because they do well in moderately cold climates with February through October in soil temperatures of between 8-30 degrees Celsius being most feasible if you don’t want to take chances.

Lettuce (Lactuca sativa)

Lettuce is a very nutritious vegetable in zone 10. It is an annual plant of the family Asteraceae. It is mostly used as a salad base and food wrap. It contains a high water content, small amounts of energy, fat, carbohydrates, proteins, sugars, and dietary fibers, particularly rich in antioxidants and vitamins. Lettuce thrives in relatively cold climates than in warmer climates hence October through April at soil temperatures of between 46-81 degrees Fahrenheit is recommended for planting lettuce vegetables in zone 10.

Cauliflower (Brassica oleracea)

Cauliflower vegetable in zone 10

Cauliflower is a cruciferous vegetable that is naturally high in vitamin B and fiber, the edible white flesh sometimes called curd is typically eaten only. Cauliflower is part of the Cole crops of different cultivar groups. A vegetable for zone 10 is to be grown from October through January at soil temperatures of between 10-30 degrees Celsius.

Bell Peppers (Capsicum annum)

They are from the same family of chili but are not as hot and spicy. The colors of Bell Peppers are red, green, yellow, orange, white, dark purple, lavender, and brown depending on their variety and ripeness. Capsicums need warmth and are best grown in zone 10 from January through May with soil temperatures of between 64-95 degrees Fahrenheit.

Tomato ( Solanum lycopersicum)

Tomato is a very popular fruit/vegetable cultivated for the use of its edible berry in sauce, ketchup, salads, tomato paste, etc. It is a major dietary source of lycopene, an antioxidant linked with different health benefits. Nothing beats the taste and aroma of freshly picked tomatoes from zone 10 regions. Tomatoes are best planted in zone 10 from March through April in soil temperatures of between 61-95 degrees Fahrenheit.

Eggplant or Aubergine ( Solanum melongena)

Although a berry by botanical and scientific identification and definition, it is widely used as a vegetable in cooking. Most commonly purple, this spongy edible low calorie vegetable provides a range of nutrients and fiber making it a good choice for weight loss substitute. It will grow as a perennial in zone 10 as it prefers light and warm soil. Plant it during February, March, August, and September, and soil temperatures of between 79-96 degrees Fahrenheit if you are a beginner.

Collard Greens (Brassica oleracea)

Collard green

Collard greens are incredibly nutritious cruciferous leafy heat-tolerant vegetables that are a good source of vitamin K which is vital for healthy bones. A vegetable for zone 10 is best grown from September through February in soil temperatures of between 40-48 degrees Fahrenheit.

Watermelon (Citrullus lanatus)

Watermelon is a sweet-tasting, thirst-quenching and refreshing fruit snack enjoyed mostly during summer. It is a hydrating low calorie vegetable that provides a long list of vitamins and minerals. Watermelon is a vegetable for zone 10 best planted at soil temperatures of between 21-35 degrees Celsius during April, August, and September.

Ladyfingers (Abelmoschus esculentus)

Ladyfingers, also known as okra, is a perennial plant that is among the most heat- and drought-tolerant vegetables. It is a rich source of dietary fiber, vitamin C and K. Ladyfingers are best planted in zone 10 from February through June at soil temperatures of between 20-35 degrees Celsius.

Parsley (Petroselinum crispum)

Parsley, also called Garden parsley, is widely cultivated as a herb and vegetable. It is an annual herb in tropical areas and a biennial vegetable in temperate climates such as zone 10 where it grows best at 62- 86 degrees Fahrenheit during March, April, and October.

Corn or Maize ( Zea mays)

Corn is an annual vegetable in the family of Poaceae, one of the most widely distributed of the world’s food plants. It is an important livestock feed, used as a fresh or processed food for human consumption such as cereals, grains, and snacks (popcorn). It is best grown in February, March, August, and September in soil temperatures of between 61-95 degrees Fahrenheit in Zone 10.

Cantaloupe (Cucumis melo)

Cantaloupe also known as rock melon, spanspek, or sweet melon is a high water content vegetable packed with nutrients and vitamins. It is an excellent source of beta-carotene and fiber

March through May are the best months for growing Cantaloupe in the US zone 10 regions at a soil temperature of between 68-95 degrees Fahrenheit.

Beans

Beans are summer crops that thrive in warm temperate regions like zone 10. It is high in complex carbohydrates (Oligosaccharides), proteins, folates, and iron. Broad beans are a good vegetable source of protein and fiber.

Plant between February and April in soil temperatures of 50 degrees Fahrenheit is a good benchmark.

Kiwifruit or Chinese gooseberry

Kiwifruit requires warm temperate regions, hence thrives in zone 10.

Root Vegetables

Root vegetables are underground-grown plants such as Beets, onions, potatoes, sweet potatoes, ginger, garlic, radish, Fennel and turnips, etc can thrive in zone 10, but some do better when planted during the cool months. Beets, carrots, and onions should be planted between October and March, but potatoes should be planted earlier, between March and June.

Conclusion

If you are new in Zone 10 and still undecided on vegetables to grow, this article would have given you an insight into vegetables for zone 10 regions. Heat-tolerant vegetables thrive the most and we have selected cool crops that you can as well plant just following outlined guidelines (periods and soil temperatures).

Leave a Comment